Guide to Hernia

A Generic Guide to Hernia: Potential Causes, Symptoms, Treatment And More

Hernia defines a class of complications leading to painful spasms when a tissue mass or organ system gets trapped between immediate muscle bodies. A hernia can either be congenital (developed from birth) or a condition that develops later (lifestyle issues). 

Hernia appears harmless at the beginning, with early symptoms like low back pain. Consult a physician if suffering from a prolonged abdominal issue (a precocious symptom of hernia).

What is hernia?

Muscles and organs lie next to each other. Fat tissues often slip under muscular gaps and naturally recede upon contraction. If an organ enlarges abnormally or a muscle weakens, protrusion happens around the muscle segments. A hernia is a sandwich-like condition. In a hernia, the same fat tissue gets stuck in the muscle gaps and causes painful spasms. 

The entrapped tissue or organ triggers extreme spasms with further contractions during physical exercises, workouts, or abdominal complications. 

How many types of hernias are there? 

Doctors classify major hernia problems upon diagnosing based on their location and structures like;

  • Diaphragmatic hernia (tissues or organs around the diaphragm slip underneath)
  • Epigastric hernia (protrusion of cell mass happens between the navel and the sternum)
  • Femoral hernia (protrusion of tissue mass occurs between the groin muscles)
  • Hiatal hernia (protrusion around the diaphragm muscles)
  • Incisional hernia (protrusion of organ or tissues around the abdominal region)
  • Spigelian hernia (protrusion of intestine around the abdominal muscles)
  • Umbilical hernia (protrusion of intestine around the navel region)

Who is at risk of developing a hernia?

Men are more susceptible to developing a hernia than women. The most common form is an inguinal hernia. People with underlying complications are at risk of developing a hernia in their lifetime;

  • Obesity pushes underlying organs against muscles, risking a hernia
  • Untreated hernia like complications after birth
  • Poor posture 
  • People with intense physical activity (bending) risk hernia problems
  • Addiction (smoking)

A hernia-like condition often reverses naturally upon losing weight, restoring the natural muscle-tissue interaction. If you experience unexplained physical discomfort during sneezing, coughing, or performing strenuous activity, consult with a physician immediately. 

What are the potential symptoms of a hernia? 

Initial symptoms of a hernia could be a tiny bulging around the lower abdomen. Most people in the earliest stage of hernia feel an underlying protrusion that disappears upon lying down. Advance symptoms of hernia include;

  • Swelling in the inguinal canal (groin region)
  • The marked feeling of pain and bulging in the affected region
  • Unable to perform physical activities that require bending 
  • Difficulty in swallowing food and indigestion
  • The alimentary structure gets affected (hiatus hernia)
  • Chest pain
  • Unexplained physical discomfort enhanced with physical activity
  • Bowel obstruction occurs in the advanced stages of hernia

How is a hernia disease diagnosed?

A hernia problem can happen around the lower abdominal region (groin, abdominal muscles, and testicles). The physician diagnoses hernia like complications using both manual and diagnostic measures;

  • Marked underlying bulge and protrusion occur in the affected region
  • Intense discomfort while coughing (clinical method to detect a hernia)
  • Using X-ray and CT scan to find the precise location of the hernia

How to treat a hernia?

A hernia is a treatable condition. The method of treatment depends on the diagnosis of underlying complications. For child cases of hernia, preferred treatment includes therapy or non-surgical procedures. Many hernia complications often heal naturally. If intense physical discomfort persists, immediate surgical options include;

Open Hernia Surgery 

  • The hernia complication gets treated through the restoration of the slipped tissue or organ mass.
  • The weakened muscle wall either receives implantation support to prevent future hernia-like conditions.
  • This treatment procedure is lengthy and requires prolonged hospitalization.


State-of-the-art surgical technology helps treat the hernia complication through a minimally invasive technique. 

  • Precise incision helps reach the site of the hernia
  • Restoration of the affected muscles and the organ mass in their default position
  • Sealing of the surgical incision opening
  • When performed using a robotic arm, it’s called robotic laparoscopy
  • Minimal hospitalization required

How dangerous is an untreated hernia disease?

A hernia gets worsened when more organ tissues get trapped between the muscles, and the patient experiences (incarceration) spasm-like pain that gets worse (untreated with painkilling medications). Symptoms like nausea, vomiting, pain around the lower abdomen region (depending on the type of hernia) confirm the worsening of the underlying infection.

The worst-case scenario includes experiencing (strangulation) internal bleeding, chances of infection and gangrene, and even organ burst from intense muscular pressure. 


performing daily activities? Do you feel pain in coughing, laughing, or performing activities that require the participation of abdominal muscles? It could be a silent sign that you may have a hernia complication.

Visit a physician or consult with a general surgeon on experiencing lower back pain-like symptoms. A hernia is not a hereditary disorder. A hernia problem develops with age from poor lifestyle, abdominal complications, or loosened tissue slipping between the muscles. Never ignore pain around your abdomen. Are you experience prolonged discomfort while  With the right treatment in place, you can ensure that you get treated for a hernia with proper care, and go on to lead perfectly healthy, fulfilling days.

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